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Understanding Core Groups

Are you a member of a Core Group for a child who is the subject of a Child Protection Plan? This page sets out the basics of Core Group working and shares some useful tips and resources. 

What is a Child Protection Plan?

Each child considered to have suffered, or to be likely to suffer Significant Harm must have a Child Protection Plan which aims to:

ensure the child is safe and prevent any further significant harm by supporting the strengths of the family, by addressing the risk factors and vulnerabilities - in and outside the home - and by providing services to meet the child's assessed needs;

to promote the child's welfare, health and development; and

provided it is in the best interests of the child, support the family and wider family members to safeguard and promote the welfare of their child.

What is a Core Group? 

The Core Group ensures that the Child Protection Plan for the child is implemented, progressed and reviewed regularly and amended accordingly to meet its aim of protecting and promoting the welfare of the child.

Every member of the Core Group shares responsibility for successfully implementing the Child Protection Plan. It is, therefore, essential that all Core Group members are aware of their responsibilities.  

Core Group Membership

  • The parents/carers & advocate/supporter

  • The child, if appropriate, & advocate/ supporter

  • An interpreter if required

  • The key professionals involved with providing services to the child and family;

  • Any specific experts, who have been invited to work with the child and family in relation to, for example, substance misuse; domestic abuse; or mental health issues.  

The Lead Social Worker is the lead professional co-ordinating the multi-agency, collaborative work to progress the Child Protection Plan. The impact of the work undertaken by Core Group members to achieve the expected outcomes for the child are evaluated by the Core Group, led by the Lead Social Worker and their manager.

Role & responsibilities of Core Group members


All members of the Core Group are jointly responsible for the formulation and implementation of the Child Protection Plan, refining the plan as needed, and monitoring progress against the planned outcomes set out in the plan.


The specific responsibilities of individual Core Group members are to:

Maintain a child-centred focus

Contribute to the multi-agency assessments


Provide specialist advice, make proposals or commission specialists or agencies to make progress for the child

Attend, participate in, and contribute towards the chairing and minuting of Core Group meetings or other relevant meetings. Core Group members must give adequate notice if unable to attend Core Group meetings or arrange a substitute colleague to attend if possible. If not, they must provide a summary of their involvement with the family since the last Core Group meeting 

Carry out agreed tasks in accordance with their own agency functions: if this is not possible the Lead Social Worker must be consulted before any plans regarding the child or family are altered

Provide the Lead Social Worker with written reports as requested

Communicate regularly with the Lead Social Worker about the progress of their part of the agreed Child Protection Plan

Raise points of difference for discussion at meetings - and escalate any concerns using the LSCP's escalation process

Alert the Lead Social Worker to the need to convene either a Core Group meeting or to reconvene the Review Conference early if there are concerns about the child's safety

Heart & Hands

Professional Difference & Escalation

Professional differences are healthy and we need to create the space and conditions for professionals to openly discuss their views and concerns. Where there are any issues, each professional has the duty to:

Discuss concerns within the Core Group

Follow up concerns within their own agency 

Escalate, if their concerns remain

Video: One mother's experiences of Child Protection

"A short video from Hertfordshire County Council about one parent's experiences of Child Protection."

Support and Resources

Girl with Bookshelves

Multi-agency Meeting Resources

Visit this page for helpful hints and tips as well as a template for meeting notes. 

Table & Chair Set

Chairing Multi-agency meetings

Check out our video resource to help you chair effective multi-agency meetings.

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